10 Most Recent Discoveries of Volcanoes on Earth

Facts of volcanoes

Video on Volcano

The earth is composed of many varieties of creatures and amazing structures. Here you will find many types of formations like an ocean, waterfall, desert, dense forest, river, plains, hills and so on. Another special shape within it is the 'volcano'.

You can see the violent attitude of the volcano in the adjacent video. Here you can also find some adventurously picturized amazing depictions. Once you have enjoyed its grandeur, you can forward it to your friends and relatives to feel the same sense as well.

There are many volcanoes on the Earth and around 1500 potentially active volcanoes around the planet. The continuous belts of volcanoes on the ocean floor and some of these make it to the surface creating new islands & land mass. Here you can check out the 10 most recent volcanoes discoveries.

1. Banua Wuhu

Banua Wuhu is classified as a new volcano and sitting in the Sangihe Islands in Indonesia about 27 miles south of Iowa.  If you go looking for it, you're not going to have much luck without a guide and some equipment. The interesting thing about this volcano is that it's submerged under the water at about 16 feet deep. 

However, the volcano rises more than 1,312 feet from the sea floor and almost reaches the surface. Because of this, it forms a shallow shoal a natural submerged Ridge 16 feet below the water levels.

 This young volcano is a normal kid or mistake born on February 12 2009 a magnitude 7.2 earthquake occurred 80 miles northeast at a depth of 12 miles. It is said that, it's one of the most incredible places to go scuba diving and the shoal is a habitat of gigantic sponges and other indigenous marine life.

2. Anak Krakatoa

Krakatoa erupted in August of 1883 and was one of the deadliest volcanic eruptions for humans in modern history. More than 36,000 people perished in the eruption either from the thermal injury or from the blast, which had an explosive force of two hundred megatons. 

More from the Tsunami that followed as the volcano collapse itself into the caldera below sea level. The huge eruption also affected the climate and caused temperatures all around the world to drop one point two degrees cooler for the next five years. 

But in 1927, Japanese fishermen were startled to see a column of steam and debris that began spewing out of the collapsed caldera. It would seem that Krakatoa has awakened after 44 years of being silent. Within weeks the rim of a new cone appeared above sea level and within in a year it grew into a small island which was named ‘Enough Krakatoa’ that means Child of Krakatoa.

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3. Paricutin

On February 20 1943, a farmer named Fiona Co Pulido, was working in his cornfield just outside of the taraskin Indian village in parĂ­cutin Mexico.  He and his family had spent the day getting ready to plant crops by clearing weeds and putting them into piles and burning them. 

At 4 pm in the afternoon, Pulido left his wife and moved to another field so he could set fire to it. When he arrived, he saw something strange on top of a small hill in the field was a huge crack in the ground over six feet wide and at least 150 feet long. 

At first, Pulido wasn't worried because the crack only looked about a foot deep. Ignoring it, he started tightening piles of branches when suddenly he heard thunder and the ground began to shake. Looking back towards the crack, the ground there swelled up over six feet high and gray ashes began pouring out of the hole along with smoke and a loud whistle.

What had appeared in Pulido's cornfield was a new volcano and it would be the first time, scientists got to see the beginning through extinction. Paricutin was located in the heart of the trans-mexican volcanic belt and it was very active in its first year growing to 1,353 feet. It finally went dormant in 1952. But by then 20 square miles of vegetation had been destroyed.

4. Surtsey

Surtsey is a volcanic island and part of the vest mignon submarine volcanic system in Iceland. It is a shield volcano and measures about a square mile in diameter and was formed in an undersea volcanic eruption which lasted from November 14 1963 until June 5 1965. 

Remarkably, it is one of the longest recorded eruptions in modern times lasting one and a half years. After just a few days of this eruption, the new Island had measured over 1640 feet and had reached a height of 147 feet above the sea from which it had arisen.  

A heart calf formed of solid rocks and prevented the waves from washing the island away like Anak Krakatau. It is one of the most famous island volcanoes who have emerged from the ocean and many new forms of plants and animals mostly crustaceans can be found there. 

However, the volcano is still geologically active meaning that it could erupt again soon. But if it doesn't erupt; it will disappear under the ocean waves by the year 2100.

5. Nishino Shima

As far back as anyone could remember, the volcanic island southeast of Tokyo called Nishino Shima had remained quiet after roaring into existence thousands of years ago. The older volcanic island became calm and had reached a state of dormancy. 

But in April of 1973, a burbling began under the water just east of the island and passing sailors noticed smoke rising up into the air. Over the next few days, other islands had formed and joined together. 

In late 2013, there was an underwater eruption from another volcano near Nishino Shima which began gushing lava that hardened into swirls. This new island would spread to reach closer to the older one and eventually merged. 

But this time it stayed active, eating up the old island and had released enough lava to build Tokyo Dome six times. Some believe that the eruptions had stopped, but observers aboard a plane saw intense activity in the crater. We think we'll hear more about this one soon.

6. Hunga Tonga

In 2015, a new island had emerged after the eruption of an underwater volcano in Tonga of the South Pacific. This island measures sixteen hundred forty feet long, as the full name of this island volcano is Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai. 

Scientists believe that it's highly unstable and more eruptions could be on the way. Hunga Tonga is only the third known volcanic island to have arisen in the last 150 years. It has remained quiet in the last four years, having joined two small islands together. 

But life has quickly embraced the Martian looking landscape. Patches of vegetation have grown Hunga Hunga cliff, goalies are nesting on the island and a researcher even saw a barn owl here. But volcanic islands like these only last a short time and nobody knows for sure how long this volcanic island will keep its head above water.

7. 91 New Volcanoes under Antarctica  

In August of 2017, scientists uncovered the largest volcanic region on earth and surprisingly it is 1.2 miles below the surface of a vast ice sheet that covers West Antarctica. In this region, lies almost 100 volcanoes and the tallest of them is as high as the Eiger mountain part of the Bernese Alps in Switzerland which stands at 13,015 feet. 

Geologists say that this region is likely to dwarf that of East Africa's volcanic Ridge which is the densest concentration of volcanoes in the world. Volcanic eruptions here may not reach the surface; but it's possible that it could melt the ice from beneath and drastically destabilize. 

It all of the volcanoes is covered in ice, which sometimes lies in layers more than 2.4 miles thick. There is one alarming trend that has scientists worried and that is that the most vulcanism going on in the world at the present time is in regions that have only recently lost their Glacial covering places like Iceland and Alaska. 

Theory says that this occurs because as the ice melts. The pressure is released from volcanoes and they start to become more active. With that in mind, we could see intense volcanic eruptions as the ice sheets in Antarctica melt away.

8. Tamu Massif

A volcano discovered under the Pacific Ocean in the year 2013 just one thousand miles east of Japan. As scientists saying that it could be the biggest volcano on earth. It also would be one of the biggest volcanoes in our solar system named tunnel massive. 

This giant shield volcano had once been thought to be much smaller structure. But further examination has likely proven this wrong and it's huge its rounded dome measures 280 by 400 miles that's more than one hundred twelve thousand nine hundred square miles. 

The top of the volcano is about six thousand five hundred feet below the ocean surface while the base of the volcano extends down about four miles deep. Tamu Massif Dwarfs the largest active volcano on the earth which is Malin Aloha in Hawaii which only measures 2,000 square miles in comparison.

9. Newly Discovered Lava Lake

Heading back to the cold in July of 2019, a rare occurrence was discovered in a very remote Antarctic island. A lake of sizzling lava was spotted on the island and although bubbling lakes of lava are commonly linked to volcanoes.

It's only the eighth lake of molten rock ever discovered on the earth. The place is called Saunders Island in the South Sandwich Islands about 1,000 miles north of the eastern edge of Antarctica's when LC. Satellite images show the snow-covered volcano of mountain Michel on Saunders Island which is usually cloaked from view by heavy clouds to have a giant lava lake measuring between 300 and 700 feet in diameter being between 1812 and 2334 degrees Fahrenheit. 

The Sandwich Islands themselves are a remote volcanic chain of which Saunders is part of. Unfortunately, it would be extremely difficult to access and only high-resolution satellite imagery is available.

10. The Largest Underwater Volcano  

In May 2019, a strange seismic event off the coast of Africa led sign is to an incredible discovery. It would turn out to be the largest underwater volcanic eruption ever recorded. This event happened in November 2008, the island of mailtime which is located between Madagascar and Mozambique in the Indian Ocean. 

Researchers describe the seismic event as a strange home that circled the world. But no one could figure out what created this sound. This was because the hum rang at a single ultra-low frequency which is strange because seismic waves usually rumble at many frequencies. 

However, one of the tell-tale signs something was amiss was that the island of may okay moved a few inches south and keys after the mysterious seismic event. This underwater volcano rises nearly a half mile of the ocean floor and is 3.1 miles in diameter.

Amazing 7 Facts about Volcanoes

Although there are some other things about volcanoes, you can find seven surprising Facts of Volcanoes that are mentioned below.

The word volcano initially derives from the name of Vulcan, Roman god of fire.

Volcanoes are seen by opening up the Earth’s surface when pressure builds up within the inside.

When they are active they can expel ash, gas and magma in bulk quantity. Magma is the fluid of hot rock located in the upper layer of the earth also called Lava when it comes out of the volcano. 

There are more than 450 active volcanoes in the world. They are usually located where tectonic plates meet. These volcanoes, though not active, can be alive for more years.

It is especially true that more than 50% of the volcanoes surrounding the 'Ring of Fire', a region around the Pacific Ocean. 

Sometimes, it can transform an area into a danger zone of more than 25 kilometers in radius. 

Volcanoes are also active in the United States, mainly found in Alaska, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington, and California. But volcanoes in Alaska and the Hawaiian Islands pose a major threat to people's lives. 

While the impact of volcanoes can be very dreadful, they can be very exciting to witness. Get the complete moving images by downloading a similar video mentioned above.

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